cuML is a suite of libraries that implement machine learning algorithms and mathematical primitives functions that share compatible APIs with other RAPIDS projects.
cuML enables data scientists, researchers, and software engineers to run traditional tabular ML tasks on GPUs without going into the details of CUDA programming. In most cases, cuML's Python API matches the API from scikit-learn.
For large datasets, these GPU-based implementations can complete 10-50x faster than their CPU equivalents. For details on performance, see the cuML Benchmarks Notebook.
As an example, the following Python snippet loads input and computes DBSCAN clusters, all on GPU:
import cudf from cuml.cluster import DBSCAN # Create and populate a GPU DataFrame gdf_float = cudf.DataFrame() gdf_float['0'] = [1.0, 2.0, 5.0] gdf_float['1'] = [4.0, 2.0, 1.0] gdf_float['2'] = [4.0, 2.0, 1.0] # Setup and fit clusters dbscan_float = DBSCAN(eps=1.0, min_samples=1) dbscan_float.fit(gdf_float) print(dbscan_float.labels_)
0 0 1 1 2 2 dtype: int32
cuML also features multi-GPU and multi-node-multi-GPU operation, using Dask, for a growing list of algorithms. The following Python snippet reads input from a CSV file and performs a NearestNeighbors query across a cluster of Dask workers, using multiple GPUs on a single node:
# Create a Dask CUDA cluster w/ one worker per device from dask_cuda import LocalCUDACluster cluster = LocalCUDACluster() # Read CSV file in parallel across workers import dask_cudf df = dask_cudf.read_csv("/path/to/csv") # Fit a NearestNeighbors model and query it from cuml.dask.neighbors import NearestNeighbors nn = NearestNeighbors(n_neighbors = 10) nn.fit(df) neighbors = nn.kneighbors(df)
|Clustering||Density-Based Spatial Clustering of Applications with Noise (DBSCAN)|
|Dimensionality Reduction||Principal Components Analysis (PCA)|
|Truncated Singular Value Decomposition (tSVD)||Multi-GPU version available (CUDA 10 only)|
|Uniform Manifold Approximation and Projection (UMAP)|
|t-Distributed Stochastic Neighbor Embedding (TSNE)||(Experimental)|
|Linear Models for Regression or Classification||Linear Regression (OLS)||Multi-GPU available in conda CUDA 10 package|
|Linear Regression with Lasso or Ridge Regularization|
|Stochastic Gradient Descent (SGD), Coordinate Descent (CD), and Quasi-Newton (QN) (including L-BFGS and OWL-QN) solvers for linear models|
|Nonlinear Models for Regression or Classification||Random Forest (RF) Classification||Experimental multi-node, multi-GPU version available via Dask integration|
|Random Forest (RF) Regression||Experimental multi-node, multi-GPU version available via Dask integration|
|K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN)||Multi-GPU
|Time Series||Linear Kalman Filter|
|Holt-Winters Exponential Smoothing|
More ML algorithms in cuML and more ML primitives in ml-prims are planned for future releases, including: spectral embedding, spectral clustering, support vector machines, and additional time series methods. Future releases will also expand support for multi-node, multi-GPU algorithms.
See the RAPIDS Release Selector for the command line to install either nightly or official release cuML packages via Conda or Docker.
Build/Install from Source
See the build guide.
Please see our guide for contributing to cuML.
Find out more details on the RAPIDS site
The RAPIDS suite of open source software libraries aim to enable execution of end-to-end data science and analytics pipelines entirely on GPUs. It relies on NVIDIA® CUDA® primitives for low-level compute optimization, but exposing that GPU parallelism and high-bandwidth memory speed through user-friendly Python interfaces.